“Staging The Unstageable” – By Sayma Ahmed Shanta

“Staging The Unstageable” – By Sayma Ahmed Shanta

“Staging the unstageable,” putting real life experiences on stage. As the cambridge.org online dictionary defines, the medieval Latin word, Verbatim, is the use of the same words that were originally used. (Dictionary.cambridge.org, 2017) Thus when Verbatim is conjoined with theatre, it implies the re-telling of a situation. However, the scene isn’t narrated, instead, it is acted out in theatre format with the “…same words that were originally used.” And since the concept of Verbatim is based on theatre, not only is it the use of the original words, it is also the use of the exact same facial expression, posture, gestures, body, movement, use of stage/space, pitch, pause, pace, tone that will refine the theater piece significantly as a true verbatim, because everything remains intact. Thus nothing changes, not the dialogue, the setting, nor the emotions, it is the re-simulation of the exact unaltered original situation. Which is the reason that this theatrical playwright involves a large process, consisting of research, brainstorm, interviews, and composition of colloquies (conversations), incidents, trials, or even tv shows regarding the chosen topic, or event trying to be re-portrayed.

So in simplest terms, verbatim theatre is a piece of theatre, wherein general public, witnesses, public figures or celebrities are interviewed about their experiences in a specific event or their experiences with a subject. (An introduction to verbatim theatre, 2014) Afterward, these interviews are collated, compressed and conjoined in an orderly manner to emphasize emotions into a play which uses that specific primary, original, first-hand dialogue material to portray the specific event, or a topic in depth as to what general public or public figures have said about it, through actors and actresses.

Verbatim theatre is a style of drama that requires much documentation, which is shaped by the different stories and scenes that it captures, formulated and built upon the foundation of any political, controversial, emotional topic or a particular event. The stages which mold this foundation topic into a full verbatim theatrical piece consists of four main stages. The first stage, is to research as much as possible about the chosen topic or event, gathering primary sources, to bring out authentic information, such as telegrams, diary entries, interview transcripts, videos, and recordings, or secondary sources which can give a broadened understanding of the chain of events surrounding a particular event in history, or extend one’s knowledge on their chosen topic. The second stage, is to focus on the people involved; to find people who can be interviewed, and collect firsthand information about their experiences with certain topics such as, racism, immigration or depression, or even interview about their experiences in world events, such as the World War One, presidential elections, American Civil War, Brexit or the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The third stage, is to edit and condense, where the whole array of interviews are brought together, and then some are carefully selected to be performed in the play, as part of the script. Bringing in the fourth stage, where the interviews, after being condensed and edited, must be evaluated, so that the play and dialogue paint a true picture on the stage, as well as to make the portrayal as accurate and as sensitive as the topic or event is. (Lauren Kirby, 2014)

During this process of creating the theatrical piece, if the play is expressed in an order which emphasizes the criticality and sensitivity of the topic, instead of sitting down on stage, and normally showing people being interviewed, the play will have a great emotional impact on the audience. It will certainly convey the experiences of people in a more convincing manner when it is flown through and organized well. For example, the Verbatim theater piece called, “Child Brides,” (Rachel McCue, 2016) is an exemplary piece of theatre, surrounding the idea of child marriage and abuse, especially for marrying off young girls as brides for money, because the parents might not have money to pay for her. This also steals the education, freedom and the childhood of the girl, as she has to take on the duties of a homemaker and work as a sex slave for the man she is married to. Seen as stigmatic, hard to talk about topics, these are the sorts of issues that verbatim theatre can tackle. The theatrical message and topic with the dialogues of people clearly spoken by the actresses and actors, play on very smoothly with the facts that they present, “…that’s one girl every 28 seconds.” And straight after there is a movement of a girl being given away, and slowly her side of the story, as in someone’s real life interview dialogue is played through the actress, “I was married when I was 14.” Continuing this, the play also uses repetition to emphasize their point, this can be seen as they get in a line, push each other in a domino effect, the person at the end falls, and he/she are pointed at from center stage left to downstage center. this can be seen as the introductory scene to bring on and show different girl’s anecdotes which were said in the interviews which they collected to create the verbatim piece.

As it can be seen, this piece of theatre, “Child Brides” has been stylized to create an atmosphere which is remorseful and melancholic, displaying the dark side of the world. It uses music, giving off a helpless tone. Further to stylize, a convention of drama which the group uses is the cannon effect which they use in multiple situations of the story, such as the part when they say, “It’s just the way it is…” One person says it, then two people say it together and after that everyone says it all together. Another drama convention that is incorporated throughout the play, is the one of melodrama, even if the interview stories are untouched and ‘verbatim’ as in the original words that are used, the flow through of their material and information as it is presented is exaggerated melodramatically, “My father told the school that I had died,” is one such line that is portrayed melodramatically as one person says it, then the rest of the group says it and falls to the ground, to emphasize the point. All in all, this verbatim theatre is very powerful and leaves a great impact on the audience because of the severity of the issue, and due to the reality of the truthful interview answers which they had captured, and portrayed on stage, each story per victim, and the real picture was portrayed. This realism emphasized the piece because the facts and the dialogue felt so real.

Verbatim theater surrounds experiences of real life, real events and real topics, which means that it must bring out the truth, and stand as a voice to the voiceless. It is also a form of theatre corresponding to documented events or interviews, which utilizes the precise words, actions, and emotions of the event in question to bring to life in theatre. The process involved in creating Verbatim theatre lies in the key of finding it’s script, thus the documentation period. In this documentation period, one needs to collate interviews, and snippets to observe and draw out questions to conduct interview(s) surrounding the specific topic in the piece one is to perform. And after this period is the stylizing period where the documentation is brought together and stylized to put together a greater piece. Which is finally wrapped up in the performance by the practice periods, where exact lines must be memorized to keep the piece of theatre, ‘Verbatim.’

References

Child Brides – Verbatim Theatre. (2016). Rachel McCue.

Dictionary, v. (n.d.). verbatim Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary. [online] Dictionary.cambridge.org. Available at: http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/verbatim [Accessed 5 Feb. 2017].

Dramaonlinelibrary.com. (2014). Verbatim theatre – Drama Online. [online] Available at: http://www.dramaonlinelibrary.com/genres/verbatim-theatre-iid-2551 [Accessed 4 Feb. 2017].

Kirby, L. (2014). ‘A Guide to Creating Verbatim Theatre’ | Birds Eye View Theatre Company. [online] Birdseyeviewtheatre.blogs.lincoln.ac.uk. Available at: http://birdseyeviewtheatre.blogs.lincoln.ac.uk/2014/05/26/a-guide-to-creating-verbatim-theatre/ [Accessed 5 Feb. 2017].

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Deforestation Around the World

Deforestation around the world

Misusing the gift of nature

By Khin KoKo Hsu

Wildlife, nature, trees and plant have been a part of this planet Earth since millions of years ago. They are the lifeline and the beauty that the Earth gave us. But right now, we have been misusing that gift of nature. We cut them down to make roads, land for farming, paper, wooden furniture and most importantly, money. People are after money, and they get greedy and blinded by money. In order to get more income for their business or family, they forget what trees provide us.

Factories use brutal machines to cut down thousands of trees so they can produce wood-based products for us to use. Farmers are setting beautiful forests on fire to gain more farmland or to produce more palm oil. Little did they know that if we continue this way, destroying the nature, one day our skies won’t be as blue as it is right now, the oceans will be filled will algae with no living sea creatures.

Farmers want to clear a part of the forest to use it as farmland. Fire destroys everything very fast. By using fire, farmers will waste less energy and will be able to clear the land without wasting too much time. On the other hand, fire can get out of control, creating wildfire in the forest. This type of fire can lead to a destruction of the whole forest, wiping down every tree and creating haze. Haze affects our health, especially for elderly and children. The air will be so polluted that everywhere we go, we will have to wear gas masks to shield us and our planet will become a place where we wouldn’t want to live.

Trees provide us with oxygen. It takes carbon dioxide that we release and gives us oxygen in return. Without or with less of them, how will we clean up the carbon dioxide in the air? Would we want to breathe in burnt charcoal air or fresh air? If we burn down thousands of trees in one go, our children and future generations will have to breathe in polluted air in the future. And it’ll all be our fault that they will have to suffer because of our greed and mistake.

Now we have to take action and improve our ways of using nature. Plant more and cut less. Stop the destruction and change your ways.

Global Interactions and Development In Cambodia

Written by: Risa Yamazaki

Cambodia, a country in Southern East Asia, is one of the developing countries, which has demonstrated progress in 2016. However, there are many issues that must be solved as soon as possible. I think Cambodia must execute more global interaction to make more advances. Global interaction gives countries many benefits, such as more variety of foods, raising and regulating the quality of education and medical care and making progress in technology by using MEDC’s technology. In January, most of the G10 students went to the Cambodia for  WWW. We saw many issues that Cambodia faces when we were volunteering . I reconfirmed that positive global interaction between MEDC and LEDC is essential to develop the country and help solve the issues about the quality of life for the population there.  

Food and water are necessary resources for humans. Water is essential for human lives because it makes food. Without water, any organism cannot be fed any advantages for their lives and they would die. Water is also important to make our lives better. For example, from an aspect of sanitation, water must be good quality and clean to prevent infections due to bacteria. If there is no or less water in a specific place, people cannot flush their discharges in toilets and wash filth properly and it might make people come down with some infectious diseases. To protect and guarantee human life, clean and useable water is necessary for many aspects.

The quality of water is one of the complicated issues that exists in Cambodia. Through WWW, we have done some voluntary work and spent some time there. During this time I have realised that there is a problem of water scarcity. First, there is less crucial clean water. At least, we could intake clean water. However, when we wash dishes or body in the shower, only the water we could use was bucket water, which has a limit to pour.  Moreover, there were some cases that the water in the city caused inflammation to some students. The water quality problem in Cambodia is complicated, and  not only exists in the countryside but in the city. I thought about how do local people in the same place use water to clean dishes and even for drinking. We might get enough clean water because we paid money to get and we came from another country. But how about the people who live in the place for a long time? Do they enough money to choose and purchase water appropriate to drink? Or do they have any technology to clean the water by themselves? Maybe, they do not have both. Local people in Bang Pae, seemed like they have much less choice for essential resources than us.

From our developed country, we felt that there was insufficient technology to provide water to the each household through experiencing some voluntary work. Toilet making was one of the major tasks which made us think about the scarcity of technology to develop. We dug ditches and made a canal and wells. In most of our native countries, these businesses must be practised by professionals, instead of by students like us. In Bang Pae, however,  ours help was required to build the systems to make their life more sustainable. We have found some scarcity problems on their economic space to get proper cares for their developments. What they need to make their life more sustainable is some imports from other countries. It must be technology because only imports of consumables are not the long-term solution. If the people, who study that technology, come to Cambodia and teach basic techniques that any people can practice or revise, there is an expectation that the water problem can be solved and should create a better quality of life.

Like these examples that I mentioned, there are so many developments and issues which promote Cambodia to go into recession. In this WWW, we had a great opportunity to recognise how blessed we are and think about what can we do for these countries. Without any resources that we have in our life naturally, such as wifi, unlimited clean water, hot water, and flushing toilets, the first time we could notice that we have precious resources, and even we can lose them if we waste them. We are the next generation which controls the world in future. Therefore, what we have to do now is to be aware of the problems which exist around the world and focus on the solution that we can come up with. Recognition of issues, and correcting things that we can change might improve the world. We can start noticing and modifying from small things. As Mother Theresa said, “ Not all of us can do great things. But we can do small things with great love.”

Smiles: Worth More than Gold

Smiles: Worth More than Gold
What you take for granted is a life goal for others

Written by:  Sue Yoo

For my life so far and even now, I am not the kind of person who is satisfied with what I have or feel grateful for any points of my life. Living standards, environments, appearances, what I have done today; none of these factors with my life satisfied me for several reasons. Do you

feel satisfied with your life? Any living standards or environments that you have? I guess many of you would feel quite the same as what I feel. I’ve probably never been really satisfied until I went to Cambodia for WeekWithoutWalls trip this year. After spending time in Cambodia, I came to realize that my living standard is high and everything that I have is much more than I need; I just took it for granted.

On the 14th of January, Grade 10s went to Cambodia for our WWW trip. When we were in Cambodia, we had to stay in a camp named ‘Beng Pae’, which is located in a small village in the countryside of Cambodia. A week before we left for Cambodia, we started to learn and think about Cambodia’s trip in class. Based on my prior knowledge about Cambodia and a some different research that I did, I imagined several times what the week that we were going to spend in Cambodia would be like. Cambodia is one of the LEDC countries, where gender equality is still an important issue.

Everything that I experienced in Cambodia was all impressive and precious to me. However if you ask me to choose one thing that I liked the most while in Cambodia, I easily and clearly can say that spending time with children in Cambodia I considered the most precious and valuable. I had several chances/opportunities to spend my time with local kids in Cambodia, which taught me a lot and even now is remembered as the peak of this trip. The first time that I met children was in Sok Say Bay, which is a shelter to take care of kids from the age of 7 to 18.

Kids in Sok Say Bay usually come to here and escape from their serious and miserable reality that they can’t even endure any more. Students in Sok Say Bay have several different reasons why they stay in Sok Say Bay other than their housing. Some of them escape from their parents’ abuse and others their difficulties that they cannot handle by themselves. For these poor kids, Sok Say Bay is the place where they can stay and live without any worries.

When Mr.Matthews asked us whether we wanted to go to the Royal Palace or Sok Say Bay, without any hesitation I decided to go to Sok Say Bay as I love to hang out with kids and play with them. As soon as I arrived at the place, all of the kids were in the yard where they can do their activities. Kids were welcoming us with their shyness, with smiles and we started to play some games. Although their first language is not English, they tried so hard to communicate with us even with a single word. While we were playing games, at first most of us were just too shy to talk to each other or even to look at others’ faces but as time passed by, we became much closer than what we expected to be to them.

Whenever I recall the moment in Sok Say Bay, one of the girls named Michelle pops into my mind. While in the yard for the first time, I was not sure what to do for them or how to be closer to kids as I was worried about what if I failed to communicate with them. Meanwhile, a girl just walked towards to me out of nowhere and said “Hi! What is your name?” At that time, I felt both thankful and surprised to see such an open-minded girl even though she had been through difficulties and pain. As soon as she and I started to chat starting with the question, “What is your name?” we became best friends. From this one girl, Michelle, I c learned a lot of things especially with feelings and emotions because while I was spending time with her, I had many more thoughts and feelings that I had ever before

Children in Cambodia are suffering not only from many problems that they have as citizen of the Cambodia but also from their living standards and limited education. The opportunities to pursue their education is not given to all the people who live in LEDC countries. Most of them have difficulties getting those opportunities. I felt shock and pity because all the Korean teenagers should go to school until the end of middle school and not have to pay their education expenses. During the trip, we once  went to a school and helped them to build a brick wall and played football against them. Kids in that school who want to go to school and get educated fortunately don’t need to pay any education costs according to their government institution and policy. Therefore both students and their parents don’t feel under pressure and can have some open choice to either go to school or not.

One thing that surprised me happened when I was working on digging holes in the school. My group members and I divided into two different groups and worked on digging holes and serving those sands that we’ve got from the holes to the other side. Before I tried to dig a hole, I thought that it would be so much easier than others as it looked like I just simply need to dig mine, but as soon as I tried it, I realized that this process was such hard work. While we put so much effort on making holes, students at the age of 6 to 7 or so  took their tools and started to work on those holes that we had already worked on. The tools were double their heights but they were perfect/skilled at controlling those tools and worked on those holes faster and easier.

The majority of the children in Cambodia are learning how to make cements other than how to do maths. They know how to dig a hole in efficient ways but they don’t know how to write words with the right spelling. They love to eat sweets just like us and they love to hang out with their friends. Boys play football while girls love to talk with their friends. They don’t have any toys or dolls that we take for granted, to say nothing of digital cameras or cell phones. When I was trying to take some photos with kids in Cambodia, they were just so curious about my iPhone and its functions. What is this thing? How does it make some of animal faces on my faces? What are those? They were so excited

when they took their own photographs with a little strange thing. They kept coming to me and asking me to take photographs with me, which made me feel sad for them as well as regret for myself. Sorry for being such a person who has much more than what I need and is not satisfied with and grateful for what I have. What I take for granted could be what someone else in other side of the world dream.

After spending time in Cambodia, I realize that I have such high living standards. Those kids I met in Cambodia made me feel regret for what I’ve complained about in my life. People want more than what they already have. They think the more, the better. The greed of human being is endless. Nevertheless, spending time with local kids there changed my perspectives and have had a significant impact on me. I want to ask you now. Are you satisfied with your life?

Whole Foods Market Business Article

Written by:  Kate Reidinger

Whole Foods Market is an American supermarket chain, originally founded in Austin, Texas on September 20th of 1980 by Mark Skiles, Craig Weller, John Mackey, and Renee Lawson Hardy; all of whom had been owners of different natural foods corporations. Whole Foods Market is known for exclusively supplying consumers with natural and organic foods, the market features foods without artificial preservatives, colours, flavours, sweeteners, and hydrogenated fats. Obesity and health has always been a major concern for the U.S. population; as many Americans are looking for healthier alternatives to improve their intake, many desire natural and organic diets. The establishment and growth of Whole Foods Market is extensively helpful as it provides the people with a simple way of healthy consumption as the store is easily accessible and has a wide range of foods. Statistics from 2015 show that there are 431 Whole Foods Markets Globally, with exceptional growth which persists. The organic food market Whole Foods seeks to expand to 1,200 stores in the U.S alone; Co-CEO John Mackey sees it as a great potential for the business as he told CNBC “the world is continuing to change.”. Whole Foods Market, being a growing national and international business, has many strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, as well as threats; all of which contribute to the business today.

Whole Foods Market is a business which has many strengths. Being a natural and organic foods market, Whole Foods is a quality brand; which gives it the ability to sell products at a higher price than competitors. The industry of just organic and healthy foods is limited, and operating in it serves as a strength because Whole Foods Market offer the most variety of healthy foods. Quality and high standards has allowed Whole Foods to gain a “15% same store sales growth”, (“businessweek.com”, 2005) Due to social trends that are present with awareness of how healthy eating contributes to long-term wellness. Middle aged people as well as millennials feel encouraged to join the trend of eating healthy and sustaining and improving their well-being while increasing demand of the products provided by Whole Foods. Another strength of Whole Foods Market is that it benefits from a younger generation that values sustainability of food and ethical trade, making the business of Whole Foods Market ethical and socially correct. Consumers of Whole Foods Market are wary about the origins of their own food and have environmental concerns. Whole Foods takes the issues under account and manages to provide a market and stock which meets consumer demands. “As the strongest brand in the natural and organic market industry, WFM should continue to make gains among the health conscious who want to fuel their bodies with the most natural and pure ingredients possible.” (Publishing, 2016)

Though Whole Foods is a successful business with many strengths, it also has weaknesses. These weaknesses include consumer perception, dependence on the American market, and management strategy. With regards to consumer perception, many individuals think the products of Whole Foods are overpriced. So much so, that there is even a nickname with negative connotation for Whole Foods Market; the nickname being “Whole paycheck”. The nickname “Whole paycheck” for Whole Foods supposedly represents the view of many people, that the price of the products are quite high and can take up a customer’s “whole” paycheck. Though prices are indeed higher, and higher than their competitors prices, the quality is also higher; therefore, it is fair. However, it is hard for Whole Foods Market to eliminate this perception among lower and medium income households, forcing many consumers to stray to or remain at more affordable but less healthy options. Dependence on the American market is also a weakness Whole Foods has had to deal with as “in fiscal 2015, the United States accounted for roughly 97% of 2015 revenues for the company. This dependence on the U.S. market makes it vulnerable to downturns in its economy.” (Publishing, 2016). Another weakness would be that Whole Foods Market has yet to increase expansion on their stores in other countries. The majority of their stores are in the United States, and only several are located in other countries such as Canada and the U.K. Lastly, management strategy is one which can be disadvantageous towards the business, as each store is given the ability to manage itself. Each store is different in terms of location, distribution, and products. This is a weakness as the same business of Whole Foods Market does not carry the same product in every branch, leaving the control and responsibility in the hands of store management instead of corporate management, with decisions made at local division without corporate sector approval.

Whole Foods Market has many opportunities to succeed. It has the opportunity to expand through acquisition and marketing through enhancement of brand image. This would introduce people to the Whole Food experience, ultimately increasing sales and attracting new customers. Whole Foods, being a natural and organic market providing healthy foods, can use tactics such as inducing fear amongst people by informing them about dangers of pesticides, hormones, processed, and chemically treated foods; all foods that are found in ‘normal’ supermarkets, but not at the Whole Foods Market as they supply only natural foods. Educating others on the consequences and disadvantages of unhealthy and unnatural intake would encourage people to buy organic.

The greatest threat of the very successful business would be competition. Though Whole Foods Market is doing well in the business economy, there are other markets dedicated to natural and healthy foods, such as Trader Joe’s. Another threat to Whole Foods Market would be the negative publicity. The public perception of Whole Foods products being expensive and overpriced is somewhat contagious amongst low income and middle income citizens, which may discourage or prevent some individuals from shopping at Whole Foods Market.

In Conclusion, Whole Foods Market is a very successful business. Its ethical provision of a variety of healthy, organic, and natural foods make it more appealing to customers. Though it has weaknesses and faces threats, Whole Foods Market has more strengths and opportunities to continue thriving in business.

Worst Trip Ever!

Written by: Keijiro Kojima

A few weeks ago, I went to Lombok Island in Indonesia for ISS grade 11 Week Without Walls trip. I stayed there for five days, and did some cool activities such as snorkeling, visiting the shark market, interacting with local kids and creating our own bio-rocks. The food was really delicious, and the hotel was nice too. Through this trip, I got to know a lot about Lombok Island and how beautiful the place is.

It sounds like I had a wonderful trip there, but unfortunately several unexpected accidents happened that made the trip the worst trip I had ever had. I would like to introduce two of them in today’s blog.

We went snorkeling on the second day of the trip. We were asked to bring reef safe sunscreen since ordinary sunscreen that contains chemicals could be harmful for underwater corals and other marine organisms. I searched online for information about reef safe sunscreen and finally chose the one called Banana Boat Sunscreen. However, during the trip I found that it was not a reef safe one, and I had to go snorkeling with no sunscreen on. The result was expected; I got terrible sunburn. My whole body turned red, and everyone laughed at me. But it wasn’t that funny; I suffered from a severe pain when I got back to the hotel, and it lasted for a few days.

Here is my suggestion to those who are going snorkeling: PLEASE, DO BRING REEF SAFE SUNSCREEN IF YOU DON’T WANT TO GET A TERRIBLE SUNBURN LIKE I DID!!!

Tap water in Indonesia is generally undrinkable as it’s contaminated. However, tap water in Singapore where I live is not. Since I was used to living in countries where tap water is clean and drinkable, I accidently drank a glass of the water before I go to bed. Next morning, I woke up with a terrible stomachache and ran into the bathroom. I couldn’t come out for an hour. I realized that this severe pain was due to the tap water I drank yesterday, but it was too late. I was late for the bus leaving and almost got detention…

Tap water may not be drinkable in some countries, so please check it out before you suffer from a terrible stomach pain, which could ruin your trip.

The accidents above are just a few of many that happened. Trips always have accidents and troubles, and I think that’s one of the things that make your trip fun and enjoyable. However, if they go beyond a certain level, that could ruin your trip. Please be fully prepared and have a nice trip!!!

Lastly, please comment on my blog; could be a request or suggestion or anything!!

A Cancerous Tumor in Our Planet – Deforestation

Written by: Yang Chen

Our environment is being slowly damaged by human-caused disasters today. As the development of technology rapidly increases, it brings more economic benefit for us but more environmental damage to the planet. Deforestation is one of the biggest problems we are facing today.

Many people ignore the facts about trees. They are the most essential natural resource for providing the basic and the most important human requirement for survival, which is oxygen. However, people’s greed for money and a more developed society requires a large amount of waste of natural resources. In the case of deforestation, people are clearing the forest for more productive land in the purpose of build up factories for businesses to earn more income; or enlarge the land for construction of more buildings for settlements and other uses. Although we can obtain a higher quality economy and physical need, we are losing the quality of environment.

We are destroying the Earth by ourselves. The environment is gradually worsened by human-made damage each year. We are currently facing the problems of air pollution, climate change, drought etc. These problems actually have a huge impact on us. First of all, as trees are being cutting down and forest being decreasing, there are fewer chances for air to be purified. In the biggest polluted area, Beijing, people are forced to wear masks when they just stepped onto the streets. The polluted air has a huge affect on people’s breathing systems, especially the lungs. As the rate of people getting respiratory disease is increase, the mortality rate is also increasing. Secondly, the chance of desertification of land is increasing in many areas of the world as a result of clearing the forest. Trees are important to maintain land to be productive for agricultural use and also it provides wildlife steady habitats, as there is many animals are facing the problem of extinction today.

Right now, trees are being cut down in every minute or even seconds in all over the world. Maybe a forest will be cleared up while you just finished reading this article. As a part of the world, we need to prevent deforestation and to improve our living environmental quality by planting more trees and encourage everyone around us to take an action on rebuild a healthy world!